| align="center" colspan=Two | National motto (not verified): Feja e Shqiptarit eshte Shqiptaria (Albanians place their faith within Albania)
| align="center" colspan=Ii | image:LocationAlbania.png
| Official language || Albanian
| Head of State
| Alfred Moisiu, President
| Head of Government
| Sali Berisha, Prime Minister
- % a lake:
| Ranked 139th
| Ranked 126th
- Total (2003)
| 112th, 106th, 130th, 93rd
US$15.7 Billion (PPP)
| From either a Ottoman Empire
November 28, 1912
| National Day || 28 November
| Religions || No religious savings comparisons gathered since 1943.
The rough in estimate of now's situation, fallowing a passing of communism, based on random polls, shows:
Atheist / Agnostic 60%
Roman Catholic 10%
Albanian Orthodox 10%
Old savings comparisons of the pre-1945 time period:
Albanian Orthodox 20%
Roman Catholic 10%
| Currency || Lek (Lk) = 100 qindarka
| Time zone || UTC+2:00
| National anthem || Hymni i Flamurit (/Rreth Flamurit Të Për Bashkuar)
Albanian: Hymn to the Flag (/The Flag That United Us In The Struggle)
| Internet TLD || .al
| Calling Code
Albania occurs as Mediterranean country in southeastern Europe. These are bordered by Montenegro in the north, Kosovo in a north-east, the Republic of Macedonia in the east, and Greece in the south, has a coast on the Adriatic Sea in the west, and the coast on the Ionian Sea in the southwest. A united states is an emerging democracy and is formally named a Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë).
Origin and history of the name
One of a number one written evidences of the have of the word "Albanoi" when a title of an Illyrian tribe inside what is currently northward-central Albania goes back to the AD 130, in the operate of Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy). Albanopolis of the Albani occurs as place placed on the map of Ptolemy and also known as in an ancient personal epitaph at Scupi, which has been identified by using a Zgërdhesh hill-fort touching Kruja in northern Albania. Arbanon is belike to exist as a title of a zone – the plain of the Mat has been suggested – like than particular place. An indication of movement from either either higher altitudes inside the tremendously earliest time has been found around a distribution of place-list ending in -esh that appears to derive from a Latin -enisis or even -esis, between the Shkumbin & the Mat, by having a concentration between Elbasan & Kruja.
A term Albanoi can keep close at hand been slowly spread to more Illyrian tribes until its usage became universal among all the Albanian humans. Based on data from a Albanian scholar Faïk bey Konitza, the term "Albania" did non dislodge "Illyria" entirely until a prevent of the fourteenth century. A word "Alba" or even "Arba" seems to become attached by having a town Arba (modern Rab, Croatia), within prehistoric days inhabited per Illyrian Liburnians, 1st mentioned in 360 BC.
A derivation of the title Albania is of considerable antiquity, dating back mayhap to the pre-Celtic alb (hill), from either either whence Alps, or even even from a Indo-European albh (white), from either whence albino & Albion. More or less a millennium when, a select few Byzantine writers have the words "Albanon" & "Arbanon" to show a region of Kruja. Under a Angiò, in the 13th century, the list "Albania" & "Albanenses" show a whole united states & all the people, when these are demonstrated per works of numerous ancient Albanian writers like Budi, Blanco & Bogdano. I personally number one view of a ascendent of the modern Albanians within their fatherland when the Arbanites of Arbanon in Anna Comnena's account (Alexiad, IV) of the troubles in this vicinity stimulated in the reign of her father Alexius I personally Comneus (1081-1118) by the Normans. In the History written inside 1079-1080, Byzantine historian Michael Attaliates wwhen first to refer to the Albanoi as with participate within the uprising against Constantinople in 1043 and to the Arbanitai as cases of the duke of Dyrrachium. Their descendent around Greece & Italy use been known as around different ways sustaining a passing of the years: Arbërór (withwithin Arvanitic) or even sir thomas more normally Arvanites (in Greek), Arbënuer, Arbënor, Arbëneshë, Arbëreshë. There seems to become to be sure that the root Alb- or even Arb- is earliest than Shqip-, from either which a modern title of the state (Shqipëria) derives, a title which appears sole in the instance of the Turkish invasions. A Albanian title of the united states, Shqipëria, is virtually all typically translated into English when "Land of the Eagles" (shqiponjë meaning eagle), too on to the 2-headed eagle on the national flag & emblem. Yet, a title may besides become from either a verb "shqiptoj", by having a meaning to pronounce/speak understandably. Them-headed eagle is too a symbol utilized by many more nations & has its origin at the section of the Roman Empire, them heads symbolising Rome & Constantinople.
Independent article: History of Albania
In a area that is now Albania, act has been present since the beginning of man history. A sooner indweller were probably section of a pre-Indo-European world that occupied the coastline of virtually all area of the Mediterranean. Their physical remains come scarcely though, & concentrated on the coastal region. Shortly, these number one denizen were overrun per Proto-Hellenic tribes that bit by bit occupied modern-contemporary Greece, southern area of what is at present a Previous Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia & a south of present-contemporary Albania. This run was completed all over the 2nd millennium BC & did non really affect northern or even central Albanithe, an locality that at a period presented a image of a political vacuum (around essence a historical paradox).
Historiographer don't agree all over a origin of the Illyrians. A bit of of a two maintain that a Illyrians descended from either the pre-Indo-European Pelasgians, while virtually all scholars place the babies in the late wave of Indo-European invasions. Their presence may be traced back to 900 BC, their political structure was formulated in the 7th and 6th centuries BC. Fantabulous metallic craftsmen & fierce warriors, a Illyrians formed warlord depending kingdoms that fought amongst themselves for virtually all of their history. Single when you took a 6th century did a Illyrians venture important raids against their quick neighbours, a Greek kingdom of a Mollosoi inside northern Epirus (present southern Albania), the kingdom of Macedonia and the semi-barbaric kingdom of Paionia. Probably their first profits was a slaughter of Perdikkas, king of Macedonia. Unluckily for the Illyrians, Perdikkas was succeeded by Philippos II, father of Alexander the Great who effectively terminated a Illyrian aggression.
Actually though, a Illyrians were mostly peaceful bargainer of farming products & metallic works. A Illyrian culture was influenced per Greek culture (primarily a to the south Illyrian tribes). Albania is too a places of many ancient Greek colonies.
Fallowing existence conquered by the total of nations, principally the Roman & Byzantine Empires, Illyria misused virtually all of its original people & eventually became a a share of the Ottoman Empire in 1478 after years of resistance under a leadership of Gjergj Kastrioti Skenderbeu, the Albanian National Hero.
Fallowing a First Balkan War, Albania declared its independence from a Ottoman Empire in 1912, becoming a princedom. From either 1928 on, the united states was ruled by King Zog I until 1938 when it became the puppet of Italy.
A communists took above fallowing Globe War II, around November 1944, under a leader of the trend lines, Enver Hoxha. From either 1945 until 1990 Albania experienced one of a virtually all repressing governments within Europe. A communist person was created inside 1941 sustaining a counsel of Bolshevik Communist Parties. Everthing people world health organization opposed it were eliminated. Enver Hoxha became a leader of this person. For numbers of decades of his domination, Hoxha created & destroyed relationships by using Belgrade, Moscow, & China, universally within his personalized interests. A united states was isolated, foremost from either either a West (American Europe, Northerly Usa & Australasia) & afterwards potentially from a communistic East.
Inside 1985, Enver Hoxha died & Ramiz Alia took his place. Ab initio, Alia tried to watch inside Hoxha's footsteps, however around Eastern Europe a changes experienced already began: Mikhail Gorbachev had appeared in the Soviet Union with new policies (Glasnost and perestroika). A totalistic regime was pressured per United states & Europe & a hatred of its have humans. Fallowing Nicolae Ceauşescu (the communistic leader of Romania) was executed in the revolution, Alia knew he would exist as next in case changes were non mass produced. He signed a Helsinki Agreement (which was signed by other countries around 1975) that respected a bit of human rights. He too allowed pluralism, and potentially though his person won a election of 1991 it was clear that a vary would non exist as stopped. Around 1992 a general elections were won per Democratic Person by having 62% of the votes.
In a general elections of June 1996 a Democratic Person tried to win an absolute majority & manipulated the outcomes. Within 1997 a fraud of the pyramid schemes shocked the entire government & riots began. Numerous cities were controlled by militia & armed citizens. This lawlessness & rebellion caused a socialist person to win the early elections of 1997.
Since 1990 Albania has been oriented towards a West, was accepted around the Council of Europe & has requested membership in NATO. A working inflict of Albania has continued to emigrate to Greece, Italy, Europe & Northerly Usa. Corruption in the government is becoming extra & further visible. A politics develop non fulfilled a population's hope for the short & non too painful transition.
Independent article: Politics of Albania
A head of state is the president, world health organization is elected per Kuvendi, or even a Assembly of the Republic of Albania each Little joe years. A independent a portion of the Assembly's 140 members is elected each Quadruplet years. Hundred of the parliament's members come chosen per population by owning the straight vote, when the more Forty members come chosen utilizing a proportional models. the head of government is the Prime Minister world health organization is assisted by a council of ministers. The Council of Ministers is selected per Prime Minister (A run known as "forming the government") so approved by the elementary majority (71 votes) in the Assembly.
Independent articles: Districts of Albania and Counties of Albania
Albania is divided into Dozen qark (county or even prefecture), which are then farther divided into 36 rrethe (territorial dominion). the capital city, Tiranë, has a favorite status. A dominion come:
Look at likewise: List of cities in Albania (Note: some cities use a equivalent title when a territory it is around).
Independent article: Geography of Albania
Albania consists of mostly hilly and mountainous terrain, the greatest mountain, Korab in the district of Dibra reaching as much as 2,753 m. the united states mostly has a land climate, with cold winters and hot summers.
Besides capital city Tirana, with 520,000 dweller, a primary cities come Durrës, Elbasan, Shkodër, Gjirokastër, Vlorë and Korçë. Around Albanian grammar the word might develop indefinite & definite forms, & this besides applies to city list: then each Tiranë & Tirana, Shkodër & Shkodra come utilized.
Independent article: Economy of Albania
Albania is one of Europe's poorest countries, sustaining half of the economically-active people however engaged within agriculture and a fifth said to become working overseas. the united states has to treat by owning a high unemployment rate, corruption as much as high government levels & unionised crime.
A united states has most there are no exportation, & imports numerous goods from either Greece & Italy. Money for imports comes from either either financial help & from a money that refugees working abroad bring round Albania. This occurs as serious status quo business for both Greece & Italy.
Albania's coastline on a Ionian Sea, touching the Greek tourer island of Corfu, is becoming increasingly popular by using foreign visitant due to its comparatively unspoiled nature and effective beaches. All a same, the tourer industry is however within its infancy.
Incubation around GNP by the Capita: (n/a)
20% Poorest: (n/a)
20% Richest: (n/a)
Help by the Capita: 52 United states of america$
External Debt: 41.Three % of GDP
Defence Expenditure: (n/a)
Labour Click within Agriculture: 55 %
Tikes inside Labour Click: One % of babies aged 10-14 work
Independent article: Demographics of Albania
Virtually all of the people is Albanian (95% CIA World Factbook Feb 2005) with the Greek population (3% CIA World Factbook Feb 2005), mainly concentrated in the southern a portion of the united states. A total of a minority is disputed & a migrant system fallowing a opening of the borders inside beginning of the 90ies use continued to complicate the issue. the Albanian government claims that the Greek speaking minority is single 1% of the people, when a local Greek minority organisation claims a figure when high when 12%. A odd minorities is Aromunians (speaking a latin language related to Romanian), Egyptians (albanian speaking gypsies), Roma, Macedonian Slavs and other slavic speaking minorities. Around Gorë withinside a Kukës dominion of these may locate the Slavic language known as Gorani wich is lone spoken on text & in the little front yard through the border in Kosovo. A village of Shishtavec is the independent hub of the Gorani language.
A single official language is Albanian, although Greek and Macedonian are recognised when 2nd language around occasionally municipalities.
In a period of Ottoman rule the majority of Albanians have been converted to Islam. Based on data from a 1939 numbers 70% of the people were perceived when Muslim20% belonging to theAlbanian Orthodox and 10% to the Catholic Church. Religious strife has never posed a good condition within Albania & interreligious marriages were commons, & a bit of pages possibly the rule. A bit of families got double religious identities, Muslim to the outside globe & Christian home. Additionally 20% of amount Muslim people were followers of the Bektashi the correct sequence, a mystical Dervish order that come to Albania through the Ottoman Janissaries. A sequentially resembles Shi'ite secret orders however has too a bit of syncretistic elements from either Christianity. Fallowing a Bektashis were banned around Turkey around 1925 a sequentially moved its globe centre to Tirana.
From either 1967 to a prevent of communism, religious practices were banned around Albania & the united states was proclaimed the world number 1 atheistical state inside 1973. the heavily persecution of clergy, destruction of religious symbols & texts has manufactured resurrection of religious institutions a hard run. A majority of Albanians in todays world perceive themselves when atheist/agnostic.
Independent article: Culture of Albania
Cuisine of Albania
Music of Albania
Islam in Albania
List of Albania-related articles
List of Albanians
List of sovereign states
Communications in Albania
Education in Albania
Foreign relations of Albania
Military of Albania
Transportation in Albania
Public holidays in Albania
List of Albanian-Americans